16 United Nations officially launched in Brazil, “the United Nations to Combat Desertification Desert and the 10-year plan (2010-2020)” (10 year plan), to further enhance the world of desertification, land degradation and drought in the process of sustainable development and poverty threat understanding. UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon issued a statement that the continuing degradation of land is not only a threat to food security, but also increased the social costs. He called on all countries committed to strengthening the protection of land, to achieve the UN Millennium Development Goals and to ensure human well-being.
10-year plan was held in Fortaleza, Brazil, the second city of the “semi-arid climate, sustainability and development” was officially launched the International Conference. “United Nations Convention to Combat Desertification,” the Executive Secretary of the at the launching ceremony, said: “Land is Life, the international community to make concerted efforts to ensure that they have the capacity to dry land. In the conservation of biological diversity, climate change and combating land degradation and so on, the project is of great significance. ”
Ban Ki-moon said in a statement, climate change, unsustainable agriculture and water resource management and many other causes of poor land conditions continued to deteriorate. Competition for diminishing resources will lead to regional conflicts, dry and broader tensions, hundreds of people were forced to move will cause a social collapse of the abandoned area and give them to seek work, housing and services to bring the increasingly crowded cities and towns do not stability and risk. Ban Ki-moon pointed out that these challenges are enormous but not insurmountable. Worldwide, the efforts being made to restore the effectiveness of dry land, continue to provide assistance to local communities can maintain and restore millions of hectares of land, to reduce the impact of climate change, and to alleviate human 1 / 3 of the population of hunger and poverty problems.
Now, the world’s 21 million people live in the desert or drylands. Deserts and dry with its unique value, 50% of the world, the growth of livestock grazing in the desert and drylands, 44% of arable land is dry, and dry 46% of the global sequestration of carbon.
In 2007, the United Nations General Assembly declared 2010-2020 as the “United Nations to Combat Desertification Desert and 10 years.” December 2009, the General Assembly requested the United Nations agencies began to launch for the 10-year plan related activities. In the launching ceremony, held in Fortaleza, Brazil, the same day, United Nations Environment Programme and United Nations Development Programme jointly held in the Kenyan capital Nairobi, the launch of the African region. According to plan, North America, Asia and European regions will launch in September this year, 10 months and in November held.
Desertification refers to climate anomalies and human activities caused by factors such as arid, semi arid and dry sub-humid areas of land degradation, and pose a serious threat to human survival. December 1994, forty-ninth United Nations General Assembly formally adopted a resolution from 1995 to June 17 each year as “World Day to Combat Desertification and Drought”; in December 1996, “United Nations Convention to Combat Desertification” entered into force for the world to develop national and regional framework to Combat Desertification provides a basis.
Desertification is one of the world’s major environmental problems. Desertification is affecting the world’s 3.6 billion hectares of land. According to UN figures released by the excessive human activities and climate change led to 41% cent of the world continued degradation of land in arid areas, the gradual expansion of the world’s desert area.
Currently, more than 110 countries worldwide, more than 1 billion people are suffering from the threat of desertification, of which 135 million people face the risk of displacement. Global desertification every year in economic losses caused by more than 42 billion U.S. dollars. Desertification control is a long-term complex projects, the untiring efforts of the international community needed.
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